Ebola

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a serious infectious disease that causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. It is transmitted between humans by direct or indirect contact with the blood, body fluids or secretions (stool, urine, saliva, semen) of infected people, but only when they show symptoms. Ebola cannot be transmitted by air. 
Amongst the initial symptoms are fever, severe headache, joint and muscle pain, weakness and a sore throat. Amongst the later symptoms are diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, unexplained bleeding or bruising. The disease usually has a high mortality rate. It is very important to note that Ebola can only be spread to others after the symptoms begin. The time interval from the infection to the beginning of the symptoms varies from2 to 21 days, but the average is 8 to 10 days.    
There is as yet no proven treatment available for EVD. However, a range of potential treatments including blood products, immune therapies and drug therapies are currently being evaluated. Supportive care-rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids- and treatment of specific symptoms, improves survival. Raising awareness of risk factors for Ebola infection and protective measures that individuals can take is an effective way to reduce human transmission.  

Bezoek a.u.b. de website van PAHO (Pan American Health Organization) voor additionele informatie.